Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Factors affecting performance

first_img The Weather: If the weather is hotter, colder, windier or more humid than you are accustomed to, you won’t perform to the best of your ability. Change in weather may lead to change in tactics. Altitude: At high altitudes, the air is thinner so less oxygen is taken in with each breath. If the body is not adapted to this condition, you are likely to become breathless and dizzy. However, whereas long distance events are difficult to perform at high altitudes, performance in sprinting, jumping and throwing events are enhanced. Playing surface and equipment: Performance can be affected by equipment used and surface performed on. The need for special equipment can prevent some people from taking part, thus restricting their opportunities. Equipment changes as technology influences the design and materials used for increasing durability and performance e.g. boots are lighter and more flexible than before, Running shoes provide more support and protection in the ability to absorb and disperse shock. If you are used to performing on one type of surface, there can be a dramatic change in performance level if you have to adapt suddenly to another. The body and mind affect each other and the environment affects both. Therefore, all three combined will tremendously impact performance. If they are all at their best, optimum performance will be achieved. PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS Skill: The more skillful you are, the more likely you are to perform well. Fitness: Once the physical fitness components are satisfied, the performance will be better. Physique: You will perform better at an activity that suits your Somatotype (ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph) Age and gender: If an activity depends on strength and speed, the performance will be better at 25 years than 40 years. However, for some activities such as golf age is less important than experience. Age and gender (whether male or female) affects your capacities. Natural physical capacities begin to deteriorate sometimes at age 25. Body composition: Carrying extra weight (over fat) is not good for performance. Illness and injury: Injury and illness can ruin performances. It is best to stay away from the activity. An injury will only get worse. Diet: Diet affects health, which in turn will affect your fitness. What and when you eat before an event will also affect your performance. Drugs: Some drugs improve performance in short term but have long term damaging effects. Athletes can be banned for using performance enhancing drugs. Socially accepted drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes impair performance. Performances are snapshots of what is learned, combined with all the factors affecting us at the same time. Performance levels go up and down constantly depending on how we feel, the weather and interactions with other people. Everyone competes at different levels. The higher the level, the more important these factors become. Therefore, how well you perform in an event or any sport will depend on the following factors. Personality: Some sports suit some personalities (introvert, extrovert). Everybody has their own distinctive character formed as a result of a complex unique to them and their personal history. Performance will be better in sports that fit personality. Motivation: This involves a sense of purpose, commitment and determination which comes from inside (intrinsic). Every performer needs this to do well. Sometimes the motivation comes from outside (extrinsic) and must be valued by the performer for it to have an effect. Arousal: There must be a general mental preparation to action, which is focused and sustained at the optimum point at which the performance is at its very best (psyched up). However, it is important to remain in control and not to pass the optimum level (psyche out) where performance declines under pressure (stress, worry, self doubt, anxiety). Stress: Any stressful situation ( injury, family issues etc … ) or other reasons than participation in the activity, is likely to impair performance. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSlast_img read more

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Bike thief hid stolen bike in well arrested

first_imgNEW DELHI: Where do you expect a stolen bike to be hidden, in abandoned lands or old garages or lonely lanes but Delhi Police has caught a bike thief who used to hide stolen bikes inside a well.When Dwarka district police whle working on a bike theft case caught the accused Raja, he led them to an agricultural land in Nirmal Vihar. When the police went to trace the stolen bike to the agricultural land, they were shocked to see that the accused had hidden the bike in a surprisingly secret location, a well. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderThe bike was found stolen from Baba Haridas Nagar in Delhi. According to police, the accused hid the bike in a well to hide it from the eyes of the police until a buyer was to be found. However he was traced near Anaj Mnadi, Najafgarh on a stolen scooty. “Our team noticed a person riding a white Scooty coming towards them but seeing the police persons and picket checking, he took a U-turn in order to get away from the clutches of policemen. However sensing the instant movement of the suspect, our team chased him for 50 to 60 meters and caught the hold of him,” said DCP Dwarka, Anto Alphonse. The accused is a resident of Najafgarh and a drug addict. Police have found his involvemet in several other cases of bike theft as well.last_img read more

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Highlights of sweeping new Ontario labour laws including a minimum wage boost

first_imgTORONTO – Ontario’s Liberal government passed a host of changes to labour laws Wednesday. Here are some highlights of the legislation, including the centrepiece minimum wage increase:— Minimum wage rises from $11.60 an hour to $14 on Jan. 1, 2018 then to $15 on Jan. 1, 2019.— Casual, part-time, temporary and seasonal employees will be given the same pay as full-time employees for doing equal work. There are exemptions based on seniority and merit.— Lower minimum wage rates for liquor servers, students under 18, hunting and fishing guides will also rise along with the general minimum wage.— Once an employee works for a company for five years, they will be entitled to three weeks of paid vacation.— Personal emergency leave no longer only applies to workers at companies with 50 or more employees. All workers will get 10 days per year, two of them paid.— Victims of domestic or sexual violence, or parents of children who have experienced or are threatened with it, will get five days of paid leave and 17 weeks of job-protected, unpaid leave.— Employers will not be allowed to request a sick note from an employee taking personal emergency leave.— Parents whose children die will get unpaid leave of up to 104 weeks. It was previously only offered to parents when a child’s death was related to a crime.— Employers must pay three hours of wages if they cancel a shift with fewer than 48 hours notice, with weather-dependent work exempted.— Employees can refuse shifts without repercussion if the employer gives them less than four days notice.— Employees on call must be paid three hours at their regular pay rate.— Companies that misclassify workers as “independent contractors” instead of employees in order to skirt labour law obligations would be subject to fines.— The maximum fine for employers who violate employment standards laws will be increased from $250, $500 and $1,000 for various violations to $350, $700 and $1,500. The government will publish the names of those who are fined.— Ease restrictions on union certification and allow unions to access employee lists and certain contact information if the union can demonstrate it has the support of 20 per cent of employees.— Makes it easier for home care and community services workers, people in the building services sector, and those who work through temp agencies to unionize.— The maximum fines under the Labour Relations Act will increase from $2,000 for individuals and $25,000 for organizations to $5,000 and $100,000.last_img read more

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