Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Factors affecting performance

first_img The Weather: If the weather is hotter, colder, windier or more humid than you are accustomed to, you won’t perform to the best of your ability. Change in weather may lead to change in tactics. Altitude: At high altitudes, the air is thinner so less oxygen is taken in with each breath. If the body is not adapted to this condition, you are likely to become breathless and dizzy. However, whereas long distance events are difficult to perform at high altitudes, performance in sprinting, jumping and throwing events are enhanced. Playing surface and equipment: Performance can be affected by equipment used and surface performed on. The need for special equipment can prevent some people from taking part, thus restricting their opportunities. Equipment changes as technology influences the design and materials used for increasing durability and performance e.g. boots are lighter and more flexible than before, Running shoes provide more support and protection in the ability to absorb and disperse shock. If you are used to performing on one type of surface, there can be a dramatic change in performance level if you have to adapt suddenly to another. The body and mind affect each other and the environment affects both. Therefore, all three combined will tremendously impact performance. If they are all at their best, optimum performance will be achieved. PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS Skill: The more skillful you are, the more likely you are to perform well. Fitness: Once the physical fitness components are satisfied, the performance will be better. Physique: You will perform better at an activity that suits your Somatotype (ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph) Age and gender: If an activity depends on strength and speed, the performance will be better at 25 years than 40 years. However, for some activities such as golf age is less important than experience. Age and gender (whether male or female) affects your capacities. Natural physical capacities begin to deteriorate sometimes at age 25. Body composition: Carrying extra weight (over fat) is not good for performance. Illness and injury: Injury and illness can ruin performances. It is best to stay away from the activity. An injury will only get worse. Diet: Diet affects health, which in turn will affect your fitness. What and when you eat before an event will also affect your performance. Drugs: Some drugs improve performance in short term but have long term damaging effects. Athletes can be banned for using performance enhancing drugs. Socially accepted drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes impair performance. Performances are snapshots of what is learned, combined with all the factors affecting us at the same time. Performance levels go up and down constantly depending on how we feel, the weather and interactions with other people. Everyone competes at different levels. The higher the level, the more important these factors become. Therefore, how well you perform in an event or any sport will depend on the following factors. Personality: Some sports suit some personalities (introvert, extrovert). Everybody has their own distinctive character formed as a result of a complex unique to them and their personal history. Performance will be better in sports that fit personality. Motivation: This involves a sense of purpose, commitment and determination which comes from inside (intrinsic). Every performer needs this to do well. Sometimes the motivation comes from outside (extrinsic) and must be valued by the performer for it to have an effect. Arousal: There must be a general mental preparation to action, which is focused and sustained at the optimum point at which the performance is at its very best (psyched up). However, it is important to remain in control and not to pass the optimum level (psyche out) where performance declines under pressure (stress, worry, self doubt, anxiety). Stress: Any stressful situation ( injury, family issues etc … ) or other reasons than participation in the activity, is likely to impair performance. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSlast_img read more

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Work begins on Kusile power station

first_img11 August 2008Construction has begun on the Kusile power station, the second coal-fired power station being built by South African state company Eskom as part of its multi-billion rand expansion, with completion scheduled for 2017.The new base-load power station, which will consist of six generating units generating a total of approximately 4 800 megawatts, is situated close to the existing Kendal power station near the town of Witbank in Mpumalanga province.The first generating unit is scheduled for completion by 2013, followed by the completion on an additional unit after every eight months.Revised plan“Two years ago, Eskom revised its electricity growth projection from 2.3% to 4% per annum,” Eskom CEO Jacob Maroga said in a statement issued by the Department of Public Enterprises last week.“The upward revision of the electricity demand growth to 4% was required to align to government’s target of a 6% gross domestic product growth between 2010 and 2014, [and the] Kusile power station had to be brought forward as a result of the revised plan.”The state-owned electricity utility has selected Anglo Inyosi, the black economic empowerment subsidiary of Anglo Coal South Africa, to supply the required coal for the life of the power station.The coal, which will be transported by conveyor belt, will be supplied from the nearby New Largo reserve as well as from the Zondagsfontein reserve.State-of-the-art technologyKusile will be the first power station in South Africa to have flue gas desulphurisation technology installed.According to Eskom, flue gas desulphurisation is a state-of-the-art technology that is used to remove oxides of sulphur, including sulphur dioxide, from the exhaust flue gases in coal-fired power plants.This enables Eskom to use the technology as an atmospheric emissions abatement technology, thereby ensuring compliance with air quality standards.Kusile is Eskom’s second most advanced coal project after Medupi power station in Limpopo province, which began construction in April.“In the next 18 months, the construction of this new power station will create up to 5 000 jobs and will peak to 8 000,” Maroga said. “We estimate that some 7 000 beds will be required, along with 21 000 meals per day to cater for the construction workers at the peak of the construction activities.”SAinfo reporter Would you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

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SA teen surfs to win in Australia

first_imgWhile both surfers had scores in the excellent range, Buitendag chose to stay busy, recording five rides, including two in the 8.0 point range, by surfing the inside waves and leaving the increasingly sporadic bigger set waves to her opponent, who only managed two rides despite holding priority for the last quarter of the match-up. She produced a score of 14.90 in ousting France’s Johanne Defay in their quarter-final clash and 16.50, including a 9.50 out 10, one of the top 10 scores of both the men’s and women’s events combined, in defeating highly rated Australian Nikki van Dijk in their semi-final. Semi-finalsBianca Buitendag (RSA) 16.50 def. Nikki Van Dijk (Aus) 10.50Ellie-Jean Coffey (Aus) 17.0 def. Kirsten Ogden (Aus) 6.10 The men’s event was won by Jesse Mendes of Brazil, who came from behind in the dying minutes of the 30-minute final to defeat Boukhiam by 14.90 to 12.25. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material FinalBianca Buitendag (RSA) 16.65 def. Ellie-Jean Coffey (Aus) 14.50 “I’m really stoked with this result,” she added. “It’s going to really boost my confidence going into the ASP 6-Star Hunter Ports Women’s Classic next week. South African teenager Bianca Buitendag posted a massive score of 16.65 out of a possible 20 in the final to win the women’s event in the CHIKO Pro Junior surf event at Mereweather beach in Newcastle, Australia on Sunday. 12 March 2012 Men’s titleMeanwhile, South Africa’s Beyrick de Vries started his challenge for the men’s title with an outstanding quarter-final victory over new Zealander Johnny Hicks, delivering scores of 8.0 and 9.0 for a 17.0 point heat total that left his rival in a combination situation and needing to improve on both his counting scores. Semi-finalsRamzi Boukhiam (Mar) 16.60 def. Beyrick de Vries (RSA) 13.80Jesse Mendes (Bra) 17.55 def. Jordin Watson (Aus) 14.0 WOMEN’S RESULTS SAinfo reporter However, the Umhlanga-based 19-year-old could only produce rides of 6.65 and 7.15 in his semi-final clash, trailing Ramzi Boukhiam from Morocco throughout their 25-minute encounter and still needing a 9.45-point ride when the heat ended. On fireBuitendag was on fire throughout the final day of the event, which featured 48 of the world’s best female surfers aged 20-and-under. De Vries finished equal third overall in the 112-man field. Fellow South Africans Michael February and David van Zyl placed equal 9th and equal 17th respectively after being eliminated from the event on Saturday. Great waves“Sometimes having priority gives pressure to hold on for the bombs,” Buitendag said. “I didn’t have priority, so I just surfed the inside and ended up getting great waves and the rights formed up really well. “I surf against these girls a lot and I know what to expect, I just tried to do my best and it worked out for me. The waves have been pumping, it’s been on fire the last few days!” FinalJesse Mendes (Bra)14.90 def. Ramzi Boukhiam (Mar) 12.25 MEN’S RESULTS The 18-year-old from George in the Southern Cape defeated Australia’s Ellie-Jean Coffey by using superior wave selection criteria in the final. last_img read more

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Building a Startup Culture that Encourages Wellness

first_imgChina and America want the AI Prize Title: Who … Tags:#culture of wellness#employee health#employee wellbeing#employee wellness#startup culture How OKR’s Completely Transformed Our Culture Andrej Kovacevic Related Posts Starting a business can be a professionally and financially rewarding experience. For founders and early-stage employees, however, it can also be a stress-filled and anxiety-ridden experience. Tight deadlines and thin margins force employees to do more with less and to put in unreasonable hours to keep a startup functioning as it attempts to gain traction in its market. To a certain extent, that’s an understandable part of the startup experience, but it’s one that can have dangerous consequences for employees over the long term. It is important to start building a startup culture that encourages wellness.The reason that’s the case is that startups establish much of their workplace culture early on in their development, and there’s a risk that they could enshrine some negative practices into the company ethos that won’t be easy to shake. That’s one of the factors feeding a burnout crisis within the modern workforce, as businesses become blind to the physical and psychological toll their expectations are having on their most valuable resource – their own employees.To avoid that situation, it’s essential for startups to make employee wellness a priority from the very beginning, in recognition of the fact that the wellbeing of the business’s employees will determine just how far the startup itself will go. For entrepreneurs and startup managers to get this right means crafting a culture of wellness that gives employees the support and tools that they need to take care of themselves and continue propelling the startup forward.WellnessBefore going into what it takes to build a culture of wellness in a startup, it’s important to more closely define the concept first. That’s because, in a business context, employee wellness is often seen as something best left to a benefits program; with companies handing off responsibility to a third-party provider and assuming the problem is solved.More often than not, however, workplace wellness programs suffer from poor employee participation rates, owing largely to the fact that the company culture doesn’t make wellness a measured and encouraged goal.Building a wellness culture goes beyond providing subsidized gym memberships and yoga classes – it’s instead all about designing a workplace environment that facilitates healthy habits and a management philosophy that makes it clear that employee health and wellbeing is of paramount importance.For example, taking a firm stance by capping the number of hours an employee may work each week and making paid time off mandatory sends an unmistakable message to employees that the company is putting their needs and best interests first, and that is the core of creating a culture of wellness in a startup.Where to BeginFor a startup to begin to create a culture of wellness, it must first deal with an issue that’s common to all fledgling businesses: a lack of overlapping skillsets. In general, most startups don’t prioritize the cross-training of employees, which makes every team member indispensable. That reality guarantees that employees will feel pressure to put in long hours and delay taking vacations because they know that their work cannot be done by anyone else.To remedy the situation, the first step is to create an organizational structure with pre-delegated task coverage and to make time for employees to train others in the specifics of their work. That will not only create continuity for business operations but will also help employees to feel more at ease and willing to take more personal time to relax and tend to their own health and wellness needs.Wellness is a Day-to-Day OperationPhoto: Vasyl / Adobe StockOnce the company has a functional organizational structure that’s prepared to accommodate employee needs. The employee’s needs are the next vital part of creating a culture of wellness. You’ll want to adjust the workplace environment to make it more conducive to employees’ wellbeing. To do this, startups should:Prioritize Movement – One of the easiest ways to promote employee wellness is to get workers up and moving around as often as possible. To begin with, offering standing desks is a great way to get employees used to getting out of their seats, as is making it a practice to hold walking meetings and encouraging face-to-face collaboration with others. If practical, it’s also a great idea to provide employees with fitness tracking wearables to build a reward system for those that make sure to walk as often as possible.Provide Healthy Foods – Hard working employees don’t often stop to consider the snacks and foods they’re eating throughout the day. One of the ways a startup can capitalize on this is to provide healthy food options in break rooms and in common areas (sorry, no more donuts). Also, holding periodic healthy cooking demonstrations and health-centric company lunches is a great way to get employees used to choosing better food options, both at work and at home.Offer Biometric Screenings – To help employees stay on top of their own wellness needs, it’s a good idea to offer periodic, in-office biometric screenings that measure things like weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Since most people don’t seek out such services on a regular basis, making them convenient and available goes a long way toward helping employees remain cognizant of their overall physical health.Consider Relaxation – It is difficult for any startup to eliminate stressors for their employees, but that doesn’t mean there’s no way to ameliorate its effects. To do this, create a comprehensive break policy and provide a closed, quiet, relaxing space for employees to unwind. If possible, offer complimentary essential oils and aromatherapy options – anything employees identify that will help them to relax. If it’s agreeable to the whole staff, consider making the office pet-friendly, which will help employees to feel calm throughout the workday.Allow Flexible Working Arrangements – Wherever possible, it’s a good idea for startups to embrace flexible working options, including work-from-home and non-standard work hours for employees that need them. Creating a work environment that helps employees maintain a healthy work/life balance by accommodating their needs outside the office will reduce their overall stress levels, give them the time they need to care for themselves, and help them to establish boundaries that promote their wellbeing.Encourage open communication and sharing of ideas – Doesn’t matter if you’re a janitor or a member of senior management, everybody likes when they feel respected and their ideas worthy of someone’s time. If your company has a reputation of a prison camp, where bosses bark orders and everyone else is keeping their mouth shut, that’s bound to crumble your business, sooner or later. Your workers will feel neglected and depressed, and will probably jump ship as soon as an opportunity presents itself. Even if you can’t accept everyone’s suggestion or criticism, your employees will feel better knowing they can get it off their chest. That is why it’s critical to foster open communication from day one. If you want to take it a step further, putting your employees through a course such as NLP, or organizing team building activities will certainly pay off in the future.For the most part, the components that help to create a culture of wellness in a startup have one thing in common: they’re all about creating a support structure. This goes beyond making certain perks and services available to employees; it instead aims at modifying the work environment to make it easy for employees to focus on wellness, without disrupting business or being heavy-handed. That’s why it’s important to note that none of the above concepts involve any mandatory tasks (save making taking vacation time a requirement). Creating any unnecessary inducements will serve to create another stressor, and will undo many of the benefits the startup is seeking to create.Making Wellness a Business ObjectiveAt the end of the day, startups have to make sure that they make employee wellness a business objective that they put on par with revenue and sales growth. That’s because, by their nature, startups tend to create the very forces that work against employee wellness in the first place, and anything less than a laser-focus on employee wellness will see the culture they’re trying to create fall short of the mark. But as the old saying goes, you can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make them drink, and the same idea holds true when creating a wellness culture. The best the startup can do is create the conditions for wellness and communicate its importance in words and in deeds, and then it’s up to employees to embrace those cues to create a lasting culture of wellness for the life of the business. Trends Driving the Loyalty Marketing Industry What Nobody Teaches You About Getting Your Star… Andrej is a dedicated writer and digital evangelist. He is pursuing an ongoing mission to share the benefits of his years of hard-won expertise with business leaders and marketing professionals everywhere. He is a contributor to a wide range of technology-focused publications, where he may be found discussing everything from neural networks and natural language processing to the latest in smart home IoT devices. If there’s a new and exciting technology, there’s a good chance Andrej is writing about it somewhere out there. last_img read more

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