Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Factors affecting performance

first_img The Weather: If the weather is hotter, colder, windier or more humid than you are accustomed to, you won’t perform to the best of your ability. Change in weather may lead to change in tactics. Altitude: At high altitudes, the air is thinner so less oxygen is taken in with each breath. If the body is not adapted to this condition, you are likely to become breathless and dizzy. However, whereas long distance events are difficult to perform at high altitudes, performance in sprinting, jumping and throwing events are enhanced. Playing surface and equipment: Performance can be affected by equipment used and surface performed on. The need for special equipment can prevent some people from taking part, thus restricting their opportunities. Equipment changes as technology influences the design and materials used for increasing durability and performance e.g. boots are lighter and more flexible than before, Running shoes provide more support and protection in the ability to absorb and disperse shock. If you are used to performing on one type of surface, there can be a dramatic change in performance level if you have to adapt suddenly to another. The body and mind affect each other and the environment affects both. Therefore, all three combined will tremendously impact performance. If they are all at their best, optimum performance will be achieved. PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS Skill: The more skillful you are, the more likely you are to perform well. Fitness: Once the physical fitness components are satisfied, the performance will be better. Physique: You will perform better at an activity that suits your Somatotype (ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph) Age and gender: If an activity depends on strength and speed, the performance will be better at 25 years than 40 years. However, for some activities such as golf age is less important than experience. Age and gender (whether male or female) affects your capacities. Natural physical capacities begin to deteriorate sometimes at age 25. Body composition: Carrying extra weight (over fat) is not good for performance. Illness and injury: Injury and illness can ruin performances. It is best to stay away from the activity. An injury will only get worse. Diet: Diet affects health, which in turn will affect your fitness. What and when you eat before an event will also affect your performance. Drugs: Some drugs improve performance in short term but have long term damaging effects. Athletes can be banned for using performance enhancing drugs. Socially accepted drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes impair performance. Performances are snapshots of what is learned, combined with all the factors affecting us at the same time. Performance levels go up and down constantly depending on how we feel, the weather and interactions with other people. Everyone competes at different levels. The higher the level, the more important these factors become. Therefore, how well you perform in an event or any sport will depend on the following factors. Personality: Some sports suit some personalities (introvert, extrovert). Everybody has their own distinctive character formed as a result of a complex unique to them and their personal history. Performance will be better in sports that fit personality. Motivation: This involves a sense of purpose, commitment and determination which comes from inside (intrinsic). Every performer needs this to do well. Sometimes the motivation comes from outside (extrinsic) and must be valued by the performer for it to have an effect. Arousal: There must be a general mental preparation to action, which is focused and sustained at the optimum point at which the performance is at its very best (psyched up). However, it is important to remain in control and not to pass the optimum level (psyche out) where performance declines under pressure (stress, worry, self doubt, anxiety). Stress: Any stressful situation ( injury, family issues etc … ) or other reasons than participation in the activity, is likely to impair performance. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSlast_img read more

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Can’t stop the rise: SHANIA THOMAS

first_imgVolleyball was invented by men, but it was perfected by women. One young woman, Shania Thomas has perfected her game. Volleyball flows in her genes as Shania grew up watching her mother and sister play volleyball. Born in the Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo Region in the lively town of Lethem, the ambitious young woman is a member of Guyana’s female volleyball team.The talented Region Nine resident was born on February 4, 2001. Her volleyball career reached greater heights at the Pure Masters Academy, where she recently completed her Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate (CSEC) Examinations.In an exclusive interview with Guyana Times Sport, Thomas related that her mother has forever motivated her to play to the best of her ability. She added that in the earlier days of her life, she watched her mother and older sister play volleyball. “The onus is on me to continue where my mom and sister left off and make them proud,” Thomas informed this reporter. “I’ve always dreamt of playing competitive volleyball for Brazil, and I’m praying one day I get a chance to,” she added.Although she was not known for too many mind-blowing performances, Thomas, who made her mark in a volleyball tournament played in Cayenne, French Guiana, was recognised at a tender age as a member of the Guyana female volleyball team in the Inter-Guiana Games (IGG).The young woman is focused on her dreams, and is seeking to make great strides in volleyball in the near future.On a more personal note, like many locals, Thomas enjoys eating fried rice and chicken. She also enjoys watching and listening to motivational movies and music. The 17-year-old has a passion for accounts, but is still uncertain at this point whether or not she will become an accountant.“Don’t let people who know what your past was distract or discredit you from what is now,” is her favourite quote. (Brandon Corlette)last_img read more

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Seven corsairs named all-conference

first_imgA resurgent season for College of the Redwoods baseball and a hard fought one for softball earned seven Corsairs spots on the all Golden Valley Conference teams. “In my first year we had one guy and now were up to four,” baseball head coach Brad Morgan said. “We’ve made a lot of progress in the last couple years.”Kokko Figueiredo was the lone GVC first-team selection from men’s baseball. The sophomore infielder was the club’s best hitter during the 2018 season. Figueiredo led the team in hits …last_img

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South Africa honours national heroes

first_img29 April 2011 President Jacob Zuma bestowed national orders, the country’s highest civilian honour, on 33 South Africans and four foreigners on Wednesday for outstanding achievements and contributions to freedom and development in South Africa. “We are honouring a distinguished group of men and women, who have displayed tremendous love and dedication for this country and its people,” Zuma said at a ceremony at the Presidential Guesthouse in Pretoria on Wednesday evening, the first time the awards were held in conjunction with the country’s Freedom Day celebrations. “We are holding this ceremony on this important day because the National Orders recognize the highest contribution that individuals can make to the success or well-being of this country and her people.” The Order of Mendi for bravery was awarded posthumously to Sarah Gertrude Mary Christina Holland for providing shelter to orphaned children while also sacrificing her own life to save the lives of children who were in her care following a fire that broke out at her house last year. The Order of Mendi also went to the Matola Raid Martyrs, 15 cadres of Umkhonto weSizwe, the former ANC military wing, who were killed by the apartheid regime in Matola, Mozambique in 1981. Recipients of the Order of Ikhamanga, awarded for excellence in the arts, journalism, culture, literature and sport, included renowned photographer Sam Nzima, who took the famous photo of Mbuyisa Makhubu carrying the slumped and bleeding Hector Peterson during the 1976 Soweto student uprisings. Another recipient was athlete Josiah Thugwane, winner of gold in the marathon at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta. “I’m happy to have been remembered,” the 40-year-old Thugwane told BuaNews. Thugwane said more should be done to develop athletics at school level, seeing that most children take part in track only at the beginning of the school year. “We need development,” said Thugwane. Among the recipients of the Order of the Baobab, awarded for distinguished service in business and science, was Reginald Dudley Ford for his work in the field of education and contribution to community service. The Order of Luthuli is awarded for extraordinary contributions to democracy, human rights and nation-building. Margaret Gazo, one of the women who participated in the Women’s March to the Union Buildings in 1956, held in protest against apartheid’s pass laws, was honoured posthumously. The award also went posthumously to Tsietsi Mashinini for his bravery and leadership in the 1976 Soweto student uprisings. The Order of the Companions of OR Tambo, which is awarded to foreign nationals, went to Helene Passtoors for her contribution to South Africa’s struggle for liberation democracy and human rights, as well as to former Brazilian President Lula da Silva for his contribution to South Africa’s democracy and for the creation of a just and equitable system of global governance. The full list of recipients can be viewed here. Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

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SA golf star Lee-Anne Pace eyes home win

first_img20 March 2014 Leading South African golfer Lee-Anne Pace is eager to turn a string of fine performances over the past month into a maiden Sunshine Ladies Tour victory at the inaugural R300 000 Investec Cup for Ladies this weekend. The elite event completes the new Sunshine Ladies Tour schedule and is open to only the top 10 players on the Order of Merit. The eight-time Ladies European Tour (LET) winner ranks eighth on the Order of Merit, courtesy of top-five results in three starts, but is still without a victory in 2014. Pace hopes to turn her fortunes around at the season-finale at Millvale Private Retreat and the Lost City Golf Course at Sun City from 21 to 23 March.Elite cast The former European number one will join an elite cast vying for the winner’s cheque worth R100 000, led by Sunshine Ladies Tour champions Monique Smit, Tandi von Ruben and rookie Kim Williams, ranked second, third and fourth respectively. Smit won the Dimension Data Ladies Pro-Am and the SuperSport Challenge, Von Ruben captured the Sun International Challenge in a play-off, and Williams won the season-opening Chase to the Investec Cup for Ladies at Houghton. The rest of the cast includes South Africans Nicole Garcia, Francesca Cuturi and Morgana Robbertze, as well as Cecilie Lundgreen from Norway, Swaziland’s Nobuhle Dlamini and Lauren Blease from England.LET star The highly rated Pace added three LET victories to her growing international tally last year and finished the season ranked second. She tied for fourth in George, finished third in the Chase to the Investec Cup for Ladies at Glendower, took sole second at the SuperSport Challenge and comes into the season-finale on the back of a joint fourth finish at the Ladies European Tour’s Lalla Meryem Cup in Morocco. Pace is looking forward to follow in the footsteps of Order of Merit leader Ashleigh Simon, who had not won on home soil until claiming three titles on the new Sunshine Ladies Tour this season.Seeking a home win “When we still had a strong Tour in South Africa, I was on a golf scholarship in the United States and didn’t return home too often,” Pace said in a statement on Wednesday. “I played in a few events, but I never lifted a trophy at home and it’s certainly a goal of mine and one I can hopefully I can realise this weekend. “It would be nice to complete the run, you know, four-three-two-one. My game is definitely in good shape, especially after four competitive rounds in Morocco, but nothing is a golf is a given. “We are playing two tough courses, and the rest of the girls will be equally eager to win. I think we will see spectacular golf from the ladies, and it should be a tight battle to the finish. “On a personal note, Investec has been fantastic in their support of women’s golf and as my sponsor and I would love to win this for Investec.”Rounds The first round of the 54-hole event will be played at Millvale Private Retreat, while the second and final rounds will be contested at the Lost City Golf Course at Sun City. SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

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Aseptic necrosis

first_imgAseptic necrosis is bone death caused from a disruption in the blood supply. It is most common in the hip, knee, and shoulder.Review Date:6/4/2011Reviewed By:Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.last_img

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Ottawa to provide long term support for Churchill rail line port new

first_imgThe Canadian PressA partnership taking over a port and broken railway in northern Manitoba says it hopes it’s the start of a new era of jobs and economic growth in the Churchill region.First Nations and municipalities that are part of the deal will be first in line for jobs and contracts.Grand Chief Arlen Dumas of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs says that’s in keeping with agreements that govern business on Aboriginal land in the area.The rail line is the only land link to Churchill on Hudson Bay, and damage from flooding in 2017 forced fuel and food to be flown into the town at exorbitant costs.On Friday, the federal government announced the sale of the Hudson Bay Railway, the Port of Churchill and the Churchill Marine Tank Farm.One of the new partners says Ottawa is providing long-term financial aid, although no cash figure has been released.“Over the last eight months we have been working diligently with our many partners to come together, develop a business plan and satisfy the principles for successful new ownership,” Paul Rivett, president of Fairfax Financial Holdings, said in a release Tuesday.“The government of Canada acknowledges the value and importance of our inclusive group and is supportive of our efforts providing a long-term support package through Western Diversification and Export Development Canada.”U.S.-based owner Omnitrax had refused to repair the line, which the company said had been losing money for years and would cost tens of millions of dollars to fix.Jim Carr, federal minister of international trade diversification, said on Friday the government believes there is “real potential for the line and the ports to be profitable.”The private-public partnership taking over is called Arctic Gateway Group and consists of Toronto-based Fairfax, AGT Limited Partnership of Regina and Missinippi Rail Limited Partnership, which is a consortium of First Nations.Missinippi Rail has 50 per cent ownership.Rivett said a contract has been awarded to Cando Rail and Paradox to repair the rail line and upgrade the port “to efficiently operate freight and passenger services to the northern communities and the port.”“We are racing against time to attempt to restore services prior to the winter season,” he said.The First Nations involved included the Mathias Colomb Cree Nation, Fox Lake Cree Nation, Opaskwayak Cree Nation, Tataskweyak Cree Nation, War Lake First Nation and York Factory First Nation.“This is a strong deal for our northern First Nation communities and a strong departure from the status quo of uncertainty over the future operation of these critical pieces of infrastructure,” Dumas said.“I am proud of our people and look forward to the successes that this project will enable.”The new owners were to be in Churchill on Tuesday.last_img read more

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