Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Factors affecting performance

first_img The Weather: If the weather is hotter, colder, windier or more humid than you are accustomed to, you won’t perform to the best of your ability. Change in weather may lead to change in tactics. Altitude: At high altitudes, the air is thinner so less oxygen is taken in with each breath. If the body is not adapted to this condition, you are likely to become breathless and dizzy. However, whereas long distance events are difficult to perform at high altitudes, performance in sprinting, jumping and throwing events are enhanced. Playing surface and equipment: Performance can be affected by equipment used and surface performed on. The need for special equipment can prevent some people from taking part, thus restricting their opportunities. Equipment changes as technology influences the design and materials used for increasing durability and performance e.g. boots are lighter and more flexible than before, Running shoes provide more support and protection in the ability to absorb and disperse shock. If you are used to performing on one type of surface, there can be a dramatic change in performance level if you have to adapt suddenly to another. The body and mind affect each other and the environment affects both. Therefore, all three combined will tremendously impact performance. If they are all at their best, optimum performance will be achieved. PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS Skill: The more skillful you are, the more likely you are to perform well. Fitness: Once the physical fitness components are satisfied, the performance will be better. Physique: You will perform better at an activity that suits your Somatotype (ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph) Age and gender: If an activity depends on strength and speed, the performance will be better at 25 years than 40 years. However, for some activities such as golf age is less important than experience. Age and gender (whether male or female) affects your capacities. Natural physical capacities begin to deteriorate sometimes at age 25. Body composition: Carrying extra weight (over fat) is not good for performance. Illness and injury: Injury and illness can ruin performances. It is best to stay away from the activity. An injury will only get worse. Diet: Diet affects health, which in turn will affect your fitness. What and when you eat before an event will also affect your performance. Drugs: Some drugs improve performance in short term but have long term damaging effects. Athletes can be banned for using performance enhancing drugs. Socially accepted drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes impair performance. Performances are snapshots of what is learned, combined with all the factors affecting us at the same time. Performance levels go up and down constantly depending on how we feel, the weather and interactions with other people. Everyone competes at different levels. The higher the level, the more important these factors become. Therefore, how well you perform in an event or any sport will depend on the following factors. Personality: Some sports suit some personalities (introvert, extrovert). Everybody has their own distinctive character formed as a result of a complex unique to them and their personal history. Performance will be better in sports that fit personality. Motivation: This involves a sense of purpose, commitment and determination which comes from inside (intrinsic). Every performer needs this to do well. Sometimes the motivation comes from outside (extrinsic) and must be valued by the performer for it to have an effect. Arousal: There must be a general mental preparation to action, which is focused and sustained at the optimum point at which the performance is at its very best (psyched up). However, it is important to remain in control and not to pass the optimum level (psyche out) where performance declines under pressure (stress, worry, self doubt, anxiety). Stress: Any stressful situation ( injury, family issues etc … ) or other reasons than participation in the activity, is likely to impair performance. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSlast_img read more

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For the record

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREOregon Ducks football players get stuck on Disney ride during Rose Bowl event160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! A story Tuesday about Robert Blake’s motion for a new trial incorrectly reported that the attorney for the children of Blake’s late wife referred to “undisputed acts.” He actually said: “What the Blake lawyers tried to do is piece together a bunch of irrelevant and disputed acts and label it misconduct.”last_img read more

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Humboldt Crabs return home after seven-game road trip hoping to extend winning streak

first_imgARCATA >> While happy to dispense of the heat they dealt with in Redding, the Humboldt Crabs certainly hope that the team they saw to conclude their road trip is the one that comes back with them to the Arcata Ball Park.Having closed its eight-day, seven-game road trip with a bang against the Redding Colt 45s as the temperature went soaring past triple digits, Humboldt now returns home looking to extend its four-game winning streak when it opens a three-game weekend series against Top Speed …last_img

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Cowardly, dastardly, meaningless: Sachin Tendulkar reacts to Pulwama terror attack

first_imgAt least 40 soldiers lost their lives on Thursday in Pulwama, Jammu, and Kashmir in one of the deadliest terror attacks against the Indian paramilitary forces in decades. Condolence messages have been pouring in for the family of the deceased Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) soldiers ever since the news of the attack broke out.Several have condemned the attacks, for which the responsibility has been claimed by Pakistan-based Islamist militant group Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM). The deceased soldiers were travelling in a truck when a car loaded with close to 300 kg of explosives rammed into it on Thursday afternoon.In an emotional message, batting great and former India captain, Sachin Tendulkar condemned the attack. He also wished speedy recovery for the injury and sent his condolences to the family of the deceased soldiers.”Cowardly, dastardly, meaningless…… my heart goes out to the families of those who lost their loved ones and prayers for recovery of those brave hearts in hospital. Salute to your commitment to Service and Loyalty’ @crpfindia,” Tendulkar wrote on social media.Pulwama attack LIVE updates: PM says land of Manikranika won’t forget this, will choose place & time of responseSeveral cricketers, including India captain Virat Kohli, have grieved over the death of the CRPF personnel. All-rounder Hardik Pandya took to Twitter on Friday and said: “Disturbed by the incident in #Pulwama. My thoughts are with the families and friends of our brave CRPF jawans, who laid down their lives for the country. Let’s all do our bit to help the families during their dark hours and remember the soldiers in our prayers.”advertisementCowardly, dastardly, meaningless…… my heart goes out to the families of those who lost their loved ones and prayers for recovery of those brave hearts in hospital. Salute to your commitment to “Service and Loyalty” @crpfindia!Sachin Tendulkar (@sachin_rt) February 15, 2019Disturbed by the incident in #Pulwama. My thoughts are with the families and friends of our brave CRPF jawans, who laid down their lives for the country. Let’s all do our bit to help the families during their dark hours and remember the soldiers in our prayers.hardik pandya (@hardikpandya7) February 15, 2019Former India captain Gautam Gambhir came up with a strong reaction to the attack, urging the Indian government to take strict actions against the perpetrators of the attack. “Yes, let’s talk with the separatists. Yes, let’s talk with Pakistan. But this time conversation can’t be on the table, it has to be in a battle ground. Enough is enough. 18 CRPF personnel killed in IED blast on Srinagar-Jammu highway (sic),” the former India opener had tweeted.The visuals from the conflict zone have sent shivers down the spine of the public in the country. Following the attack, several leaders have called for stern action against the terror group.PM Modi says the courage of India’s security forces won’t go in vainSeveral Indian leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, have cancelled their appointments on Friday. Reacting to the terror attack, Modi said: “I assure 130 million people of India that the courage of our security forces will not go in vain. We have given the security forces the permission to decide the place, nature and time of the response to Pulwama attack.”Meanwhile, the CRPF have put out a strong message on social media, saying the henious attacks on their soldiers will be avenged.WE WILL NOT FORGET, WE WILL NOT FORGIVE:We salute our martyrs of Pulwama attack and stand with the families of our martyr brothers. This heinous attack will be avenged. (@crpfindia) February 15, 2019The United States of America and China have also condemned the terror strike in Pulwama.”China has noted the reports of suicide terrorist attack. We are deeply shocked by this attack. We express deep condolences and sympathy to the injured and bereaved families,” spokesman of the Chinese Foreign Ministry Geng Shuang said.I-League holders Minerva refuse to play in SrinagarFollowing the attack, India’s premier football league (I-League) champions Minerva Punjab FC requested the All India Football Federation to shift their upcoming league match from I-League. Punjab are scheduled to play Real Kashmir FC on February 18 in Srinagar.Also Read | China condemns Pulwama terror attack, says no to calling Masood Azhar global terroristAlso Read | Terrorism has no religion, no nation, says Navjot Singh Sidhu, favours talks with Pak, faces fireAlso Read | Rahul Gandhi says Opposition stands strong with government, security forcesAlso See:last_img read more

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Our Watch: Touch Football Australia (TFA) to partner with the NRL to eliminate violence against women and children in Australian society

first_imgTouch Football Australia (TFA) will be partnering with the National Rugby League (NRL) to eliminate violence against women and children in Australian society as part of the national Our Watch program. The NRL was one of four National Sporting Organisations to receive grants of $250,000 each under the Our Watch Sports Engagement program, funded through the Australian Government’s Sports Grant Bank. The program provides $1 million in grant funding to National Sporting Organisations to deliver programs and promotions towards the prevention of violence against women and children. TFA CEO, Colm Maguire said the organisation is looking forward to working in collaboration through its partnership with the NRL to deliver programs and educational activities as well as build capacity and expertise to prevent violence against women and their children. “The sport of Touch Football provides a unique environment where both genders can participate in sport on the same playing field at the same time,” he said. “This provides an environment that exposes and promotes equality as well as fair, inclusive and respectful behaviours and attitudes both on and off the playing field.“The work we propose to conduct through the grant funding with the NRL will assist our respective sporting codes to more effectively embed gender equality and respectful relationships into and across our networks and communities.”“The NRL could not be clearer on this matter…there is no place for domestic violence in our games or society,” NRL Head of Community, Adam Check said. “The partnership between the NRL and Touch Football Australia will ensure that we can continue to raise awareness of the need to stop violence against women and support educational programs to drive behavioural change.”  TFA has appointed Australian Men’s Open coach, Tony Trad as Touch Football’s Ambassador for the program. “Tony’s experience working across the sport across at all levels and genders and the respect and profile that he holds in the Touch Football community will be invaluable in delivering messages in this very important area,” Maguire said. More information on the work of Our Watch and the Sports Engagement Program can be found on Victims of domestic and family violence and / or sexual assault, as well as their family and friends can contact 1800RESPECT 1800 737 732 or visit LinksOur Watchlast_img read more

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10 days ago​Man Utd receive positive news over Lindelof

first_imgAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say ​Man Utd receive positive news over Lindelofby Freddie Taylor10 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United have received a boost regarding central defender Victor Lindelof.The Red Devils were concerned the Swedish centre-back would miss their key clash with Liverpool at the weekend.But it appears that Lindelof is set to start for Sweden in their Euro 2020 qualifier against Spain at home in midweek.”I haven’t heard anything other than Vigge [Lindelof] getting ready to play,” Sweden coach Janne Anderson told Aftonbladet.The news would mean that he is fit enough to play for his club as well.The Swedes face a key game against Spain tomorrow, which will go a long way towards determining their chances of qualifying for Euro 2020. last_img read more

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Commons committee calls on Liberals to subject parties to privacy laws

first_imgOTTAWA – A committee of MPs is calling on the federal government to make political parties and players subject to federal privacy laws to prevent nefarious actors from manipulating Canadian elections.Political parties are only bound by internal, voluntary policies — an issue the federal privacy commissioner has identified as a loophole in the law.How parties use data has been the subject of scrutiny on Parliament Hill and in the U.K. and the U.S. in the wake of a Facebook data scandal where users’ information may have been used without authorization and manipulated for political gain.In a report released Tuesday, the House of Commons ethics and privacy committee called on the government to move quickly to regulate parties, political organizations and other players to force them to better disclose how they use personal information, including how they target Canadians with ads.Requirements could include forcing political players to show who paid for an online ad and to authenticate their identity and showing users why they were targeted — similar to measures Facebook has already enacted.The committee report says evidence heard during hearings to date has left MPs with “grave concerns” about the electoral system.“In light of what the committee heard, it believes that Canadians would have greater confidence if they knew that their political parties were not exempt from privacy legislation,” the report said.“Any legislative amendment should obviously take the special activities of political parties into account so as not to entirely prevent the use of personal information, but rather to better regulate its collection and use and the transparency surrounding the management of such information.”Innovation Minister Navdeep Bains said the government was looking at ways to strengthen the reach of the privacy commissioner and updating federal privacy laws.“We can’t have a data-driven economy and we can’t have the economic potential unleashed if we don’t have the trust of Canadians,” he said.Nearly 87 million users, including 622,161 Canadians, had their information accessed by the U.K. firm Cambridge Analytica without authorization. The company allegedly used the information for political gain in the Brexit referendum, as well as in Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign.A Canadian company was implicated in the scandal.Executives from B.C.-based AggregateIQ testified that they had done nothing wrong when the company helped with online advertising campaigns for groups pushing for the U.K. to leave the European Union. But the committee found the testimony from the two executives was “inconsistent, full of contradictions, and conflicts with the testimony of several other reliable witnesses,” the report said.Conservatives and New Democrats on the committee used harsher words targeting AggregateIQ chief executive Zack Massingham, who didn’t appear for scheduled testimony earlier this month due to an unspecified health issue.The Tories and NDP want the House of Commons to exact some kind of parliamentary punishment for Massingham’s failure to appear at the June 12 meeting.“Allowing Mr. Massingham’s actions to stand unchallenged would set a lasting precedent that could undermine the ability of other members of Parliament and committees to gather witness testimony from witnesses on issues of national importance,” the opposition parties wrote in their dissenting report.In an emailed statement, the company’s chief operating officer, Jeff Silvester, said the company provided “clear, consistent and honest answers to all of the questions” MPs on the committee posed. Silvester said he also voluntarily attended the most recent committee meeting to answer questions.“AggregateIQ works in full compliance within all legal and regulatory requirements in all jurisdictions where it operates and has been co-operating fully with all of the applicable investigations,” Silvester said.last_img read more

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Conservatives refuse to reveal numbers on party petition calling for more First

first_img(Image from Conservative party website) Jorge Barrera APTN National NewsThe Conservative party is refusing to release the number of signatures amassed on a petition calling for “more transparency for First Nation governments” promoted by Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt on the party’s website.Valcourt, who is identified by his northern New Brunswick riding on the website, asks for signatures to support his government’s recently enshrined First Nations Financial Transparency Act.“All Canadians deserve the right to expect accountability and transparency from their governments,” writes Valcourt, whose photograph is posted on the web page. “Until recently, First Nations governments were the only level of government not required to make basic financial information public.”Valcourt goes on to take a shot at Liberal leader Justin Trudeau who has said he would repeal the Act.“Sadly, the Liberals would prefer that this vital information stay hidden from their communities,” writes Valcourt, before asking for signatures of support.His party, however, is refusing to release the number of signatures the online petition has garnered.Conservative spokesperson Cory Hann would only say that “thousands of Canadians” have signed the petition and “we keep getting more signing up every day.”NDP Cree MP Romeo Saganash said he found the party’s actions offensive.“The Conservatives are sickening,” said Saganash. “This is yet another example of Harper’s dismal failure to understand such basic principles as the Honour of the Crown, reconciliation and inherent Indigenous rights.”A California-based consultant who handles petitions said they are useless if the number of signatures attached to them is unknown.“Generally, it is of no value until they reveal how many have signed,” said Michael Arno, of Sacramento-based Arno Consulting.Arno said the White House had done something similar that was aimed at obtaining people’s addresses.The Conservative’s petition asks signers to also submit their email addresses and postal codes.Arno said the Conservatives may not be happy with the amount of signatures they’ve manage to collect so far and may be waiting to get more before revealing the actual number.“Right from the very beginning, everyone wants the advantage. Giving you the exact number is not to their advantage right now, but it may be later,” said Arno.The Conservative party posted the petition to Facebook on Feb. 8. It has been “liked” 2,330 times, shared 385 times and attracted 312 comments.Many of the comments expressed negative views toward First Nation people.“Tear up all Treaties…We don’t owe these present day ‘Native’ descendants anything. Any ‘Aboriginals’ alive at the time of Confederation are dead,” said Facebook poster by the name of Gail Hawthorne.“Why is the ‘term first nations’ used? It implies higher status. How about using the term Aboriginal Transparency Act. This more accurately describes the Act (sic),” said Cheryl MacNaughton, whose Facebook profile says she is the founder and CEO of Peak to Peak Marketing.The petition and Facebook posting have triggered some online speculation about the Conservative’s motivation.“Are Conservative race-baiting Facebook with this First Nations petition?” posted the left-leaning PressProgress website.APTN National News sent Valcourt several questions about the petition. APTN asked what the minister intended to do with the petition, whether he planned to present it in the House of Commons and whether he would use it to inform policy decisions.The minister’s office had not responded as of this article’s posting.The Conservative party first posted the petition on its website in December with the image of an inuksuk which is an iconic Inuit symbol. The Inuit are not impacted by the transparency legislation and are not First read more

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Commentary What Ohio State must do Beating the Badgers requires full team

Suddenly back in the thick of the Big Ten conference championship race, the Ohio State football team has near-control over its own destiny despite a 1-2 conference record. Assuming Penn State will lose at least one of its conference games against Illinois, Nebraska or Wisconsin, OSU can win out and earn a trip to the inaugural Big Ten Championship Game in Indianapolis. But that begins this week against a bitter Badger brigade. Offense The offense may have an easier task than the defense this week as they face a Wisconsin defense that gave up 399 total yards against Michigan State last weekend. However, less than one-third of that was on the ground, and Daniel “Boom” Herron is the Buckeyes’ best threat. Expect Herron to get plenty of carries again this week, as the Buckeyes have won 21-of-24 contests in which he has crossed the goal line. Braxton Miller likely isn’t going to throw any miracle Hail Marys this week. However, he will need to complete more than one pass and will need to be effective in doing so if the offense is going to function against the Badgers. The Buckeyes got by the Illini by solely rushing the ball, but Wisconsin has a better defense and will have a gameplan to stop the run with plenty of rushing film to analyze. The biggest key for the offense and the team as a whole is to eliminate penalties this week. False starts have plagued the offensive line (J.B. Shugarts) this season and really hinder an already suspect offense. Sparty had zero penalties in their victory last weekend. The offense has to keep hold of the ball as well; turnovers will likely be too much for a bulimic scoring offense to overcome. Defense Pressure, pressure and more pressure: For the defense to be successful, they have to disrupt fifth-year senior quarterback Russell Wilson. In winning their first six games by 31 points or more, Wilson and the Wisconsin offense had only thrown one interception and given up five sacks. Sparty got to Wilson for two picks and three sacks, which arguably was the difference in the game. John Simon will lead the “silver bullets” on the defensive line in their assault on Wilson. Big Johnathan Hankins will look to build on his nine-tackle performance last week and the Buckeyes will need his 6-foot-3-inch, 335-pound frame against a Wisconsin O-line that averages 322 lbs. and 6-foot-5-inches tall. If the silver bullets can contain Montee Ball and the Wisconsin rushing attack and pressure Wilson into making bad throws, then the Buckeyes have a shot. Forcing turnovers will be even more important this weekend as the Buckeyes will need to keep the score down to have a shot. Redshirt freshman cornerback Bradley Roby is second in the Big Ten with three interceptions and could make an impact. Special teams Junior punter Ben Buchanan and sophomore kicker Drew Basil have been consistently phenomenal in the kicking and field position game for the Buckeyes, as have the coverage units. The Buckeyes will need to depend on special teams once again this week, and expect them to respond. Coaching The coaches have to be intelligently aggressive this week. Giving Miller the opportunity to make plays while not putting him in a position to turn the ball over will be a difficult but necessary balance to reach. Just as they did against Illinois in calling for the long field goal against the wind, the coaches must have confidence in their players and give them the opportunity to perform. The team really has nothing to lose and everything to gain. Some risks on offense and special teams are warranted and may yield high rewards for the Buckeyes. Fans With the ‘Shoe filled with scarlet spectators for Saturday’s night game, the fans will need to fuel the Buckeyes with energy from the stands and keep them up when the Badgers have some momentum. Never underestimate the power of the 12th man. read more

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Alisson Napoli save felt like the winning goal

first_imgLiverpool goalkeeper Alisson Becker has described his sensational late save against Napoli in the Champions League as like a match-winning goalThe Reds progressed to the knockout stages of the competition on Tuesday night through Mohamed Salah’s first-half goal to take second place in Group C.Although their efforts at Anfield were nearly undone when Napoli’s Arkadiusz Milik’s made a last-minute effort to equalise for the visitors.However, Liverpool’s £67m summer recruit Alisson proved he’s worth every penny by blocking Milik’s effort and becoming an instant hero in front of the home fans.“A save at the end of the game is always great and you feel you have contributed to the game,” Alisson told The Times.Jadon Sancho, Borussia DortmundCrouch: Liverpool could beat Man United to Jadon Sancho Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Peter Crouch wouldn’t be surprised to see Jadon Sancho end up at Liverpool one day instead of his long-term pursuers Manchester United.“Of course, an important save in the first minute is as important as a save in the last minute but for the fans it’s the closest thing to scoring a goal in the last minute as we did in the derby against Everton.“But I only managed to make that save with the help of my teammates’ contribution and thank God we got the victory.”Liverpool will host Manchester United at Anfield on Sunday with kick-off set for 17:00 (CET).last_img read more

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